A lot of equipment is required at railway stations and yards for the efficient working of the railway system. This equipment serves the following purposes.
(a) Providing facilities for the convenience of passengers—platforms, foot over bridges, and subways.
(b) Receipt and dispatch of goods traffic—cranes, weigh bridges, loading gauges, and end loading ramps.
(c) Equipment for locomotives and coaches—locomotive sheds, examination pits, ashpits, water columns, turntables, and triangles.
(d) Isolation of running lines—and derailing switch, scotch block, sand humps, buffer stops, and fouling marks.
The details of some of the important railway equipment are given in this chapter.