Purpose of a Railway Station

A railway station is provided for one or more of the following purposes.

(a) To entrain or detrain passengers

(b) To load or unload goods or parcels

(c) To control the movement of trains

(d) To enable trains to cross each other in the case of a single-line section

(e) To enable faster trains to overtake slower ones

(f) To enable locomotives to refuel, whether it be diesel, water, or coal

(g) To attach or detach coaches or wagons to trains

(h) To collect food and water for passengers

(i) To provide facilities for change of engines and crew/staff

(j) To enable sorting out of wagons and bogies to form new trains

(k) To provide facilities and give shelter to passengers in the case of emergencies such as floods and accidents, which disrupt traffic

Railway Stations and Yards | RAILWAY ENGINEERING | Selection of Site for a Railway Station