Station Platforms

Station platforms are provided for the entraining and detraining of passengers. Platforms can be rail-level, low-level, or high-level platforms depending upon the expected passenger traffic at each station. The general policy of Indian Railways is to provide high-level platforms at all important main line stations, low-level platforms at less important main line stations, and rail-level platforms at unimportant wayside stations.

The height of rail level platforms coincides with the rail level, low-level platforms lie at a height of455 mm (1 '-6"), and high-level platforms lie at a height of 760 mm to 840 mm (2'-6" to 2'-9") in the case of BG lines and 305 mm to 405 mm (1 -0" to 1 '-4") in the case of MG lines. Other details of these platforms are given in Table 26.1.

Table 26.1 Important features of passenger and goods platforms



Passenger platforms

Height of platform

High-level platforms (for all 0.76-0.84 m on BG, important main line stations) 0.305-0.405 m on MG Low-level platforms (less 0.455 m on BG important than these for main line stations)

Rail-level platforms (for At rail level unimportant wayside stations)

Length of platform

Enough length to accommodate the longest passenger train on the station. Minimum length of platform to be 180 m. Normally, a platform of a length of 450 m is provided on a main line to accommodate 20 bogies.

Width of platform

Platform to be wide enough to accommodate the entire train load of passengers. The suggested yardstick for the width of a platform is 1.5 m2 per passenger for main line and 1.0 m2 per passenger for suburban trains. Minimum width of platform to be 3.66 m.

End of platform

A ramp is provided with a slope of 1 in 6.


Fig. 26.13 Circular loop at Grand Central Station, New York



Platform cover

Platform to be covered as per passenger requirement. Minimum length of platform cover to be 60 m.

Water supply

The number of taps approved is two taps per 100 passengers.

Toilets, urinals, and

The prescribed scale is four toilet seats per 100 passengers,


one urinal per 100 passengers, and one bathroom per 200 passengers.

Station name boards Goods platforms

Two station name boards to be placed, one on each side of the platform, perpendicular to the track. Name of the station to be written in Hindi, English, and the regional language. Height of underside of boards to be 1.8 m.

Height of platform

BG 1.07 m, MG 0.69 m, and NG 0.61 m

Length of platform

Adequate enough to deal with goods received or dispatched; normally not less than 60 m.

Width of platform

Depends upon volume of traffic, minimum width specified is 3.1 m.

Other facilities

Weighing facilities, direct access road, paved platform, etc.

Classification of Railway Stations | RAILWAY ENGINEERING | Main Building Areas for Different Types of Stations