Track Fittings and Fastenings

Introduction

The purpose of providing fittings and fastenings in railway tracks is to hold the rails in their proper position in order to ensure the smooth running of trains. These fittings and fastenings are used for joining rails together as well as fixing them to the sleepers, and they serve their purpose so well that the level, alignment, and gauge of the railway track are maintained within permissible limits even during the passage of trains. The important fittings and fastenings commonly used in India

are listed in Table 10.1.

Table 10.1 Types of track fittings

Purpose and type

Details of fittings and fastenings

Joining rail to rail

Joining rail to wooden sleepers

Joining rail to steel trough sleepers Joining rail to cast iron sleepers Elastic fastenings to be used with concrete, steel, and wooden sleepers

Fish plates, combination fish plates, bolts, and nuts

Dog spikes, fang bolts, screw spikes, and

bearing plates

Loose jaws, keys, and liners

Tie bars and cotters

Elastic or Pandrol clip, IRN 202 clip, HM fastening, MSI insert, rubber pads, and nylon liners

The number of various fittings and fastenings required per sleeper for ordinary or conventional fastening as well as elastic fastening for different types of sleepers are summarized in Table 10.2.

Table 10.2 Number of fastenings

Type of sleeper

Ordinary fastenings per sleeper

Number

Elastic fastening per sleeper

Number

Wooden

Dog spikes or

8

CI bearing plates

2

Screw spikes

8

Plate screws

8

Keys for CI bearing plates

4

Pandrol clips Rubber pads

4

2

(contd)

Table 10.2 (contd)

Type of

sleeper

Ordinary fastenings per sleeper

Number

Elastic fastening per sleeper

Number

Concrete

No ordinary fastening

-

Pandrol clips

4

Nylon liners

4

Rubber pads

2

MCI inserts

4

Steel trough

Keys

4

Modified loose jaws

4

Loose jaws

4

Pandrol clips

4

Rubber pads

2

CST-9

Plates

2

Pandrol clips

4

Tie bar

1

Rubber pads

2

Cotters

4

Keys

4

All these fittings and fastenings together with other ancillary features, are discussed in this chapter.

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